The following is from the Arizona Revised Statutes.  This was passed into law in the year 2001.  In summary, this law prevents employers with 50 or more employees from penalizing an employee who is a crime victims when they request time off to attend court proceedings.

 

13-4439. Right to leave work; scheduled proceedings; counseling; employment rights; nondiscrimination; confidentiality; definition

A. AN EMPLOYER WHO HAS FIFTY OR MORE EMPLOYEES FOR EACH WORKING DAY IN EACH OF TWENTY OR MORE CALENDAR WEEKS IN THE CURRENT OR PRECEDING CALENDAR YEAR, AND ANY AGENT OF THAT EMPLOYER, SHALL ALLOW AN EMPLOYEE WHO IS A VICTIM OF A CRIME TO LEAVE WORK TO EXERCISE THE EMPLOYEE'S RIGHT TO BE PRESENT AT A PROCEEDING PURSUANT TO SECTIONS 13-4414, 13-4420, 13-4421, 13-4422, 13-4423, 13-4426, 13-4427 AND 13-4436.

B. AN EMPLOYER MAY NOT DISMISS AN EMPLOYEE WHO IS A VICTIM OF A CRIME BECAUSE THE EMPLOYEE EXERCISES THE RIGHT TO LEAVE WORK PURSUANT TO SUBSECTION A OF THIS SECTION.

C. AN EMPLOYER IS NOT REQUIRED TO COMPENSATE AN EMPLOYEE WHO IS A VICTIM OF A CRIME WHEN THE EMPLOYEE LEAVES WORK PURSUANT TO SUBSECTION A OF THIS SECTION.

D. IF AN EMPLOYEE LEAVES WORK PURSUANT TO SUBSECTION A OF THIS SECTION, THE EMPLOYEE MAY ELECT TO USE OR AN EMPLOYER MAY REQUIRE THE EMPLOYEE TO USE THE EMPLOYEE'S ACCRUED PAID VACATION, PERSONAL LEAVE OR SICK LEAVE.

E. AN EMPLOYEE WHO IS A VICTIM OF A CRIME SHALL NOT LOSE SENIORITY OR PRECEDENCE WHILE ABSENT FROM EMPLOYMENT PURSUANT TO SUBSECTION A OF THIS SECTION.

F. BEFORE AN EMPLOYEE MAY LEAVE WORK PURSUANT TO SUBSECTION A OF THIS SECTION, THE EMPLOYEE SHALL DO ALL OF THE FOLLOWING:

1. PROVIDE THE EMPLOYER WITH A COPY OF THE FORM PROVIDED TO THE EMPLOYEE BY THE LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCY PURSUANT TO SECTION 13-4405, SUBSECTION A OR A COPY OF THE INFORMATION THE LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCY PROVIDES TO THE EMPLOYEE PURSUANT TO SECTION 13-4405, SUBSECTION E.

2. IF APPLICABLE, GIVE THE EMPLOYER A COPY OF THE NOTICE OF EACH SCHEDULED PROCEEDING THAT IS PROVIDED TO THE VICTIM BY THE AGENCY THAT IS RESPONSIBLE FOR PROVIDING NOTICE TO THE VICTIM.

G. IT IS UNLAWFUL FOR AN EMPLOYER OR AN EMPLOYER'S AGENT TO REFUSE TO HIRE OR EMPLOY, TO BAR OR TO DISCHARGE FROM EMPLOYMENT OR TO DISCRIMINATE AGAINST AN INDIVIDUAL IN COMPENSATION OR OTHER TERMS, CONDITIONS OR PRIVILEGES OF EMPLOYMENT BECAUSE THE INDIVIDUAL LEAVES WORK PURSUANT TO SUBSECTION A OF THIS SECTION.

H. EMPLOYERS SHALL KEEP CONFIDENTIAL RECORDS REGARDING THE EMPLOYEE'S LEAVE PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION.

I. AN EMPLOYER MAY LIMIT THE LEAVE PROVIDED UNDER THIS SECTION IF THE EMPLOYEE'S LEAVE CREATES AN UNDUE HARDSHIP TO THE EMPLOYER'S BUSINESS.

J. THE PROSECUTOR SHALL INFORM THE VICTIM OF THE VICTIM'S RIGHTS PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION. A VICTIM MAY NOTIFY THE PROSECUTOR IF EXERCISING THE VICTIM'S RIGHT TO LEAVE UNDER THIS SECTION WOULD CREATE AN UNDUE HARDSHIP FOR THE VICTIM'S EMPLOYER. THE PROSECUTOR SHALL COMMUNICATE THE NOTICE TO THE COURT DURING THE SCHEDULING OF PROCEEDINGS WHERE THE VICTIM HAS THE RIGHT TO BE PRESENT. THE COURT SHALL CONTINUE TO TAKE THE VICTIM'S SCHEDULE INTO CONSIDERATION WHEN SCHEDULING A PROCEEDING PURSUANT TO SUBSECTION A OF THIS SECTION.

K. FOR PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION, "UNDUE HARDSHIP" MEANS A SIGNIFICANT DIFFICULTY AND EXPENSE TO A BUSINESS AND INCLUDES THE CONSIDERATION OF THE SIZE OF THE EMPLOYER'S BUSINESS AND THE EMPLOYER'S CRITICAL NEED OF THE EMPLOYEE.